International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume IV, Issue XII, December 2020 | ISSN 2454–6186
C. H. Wijayasinghe
The authorized and published papers revealed that the persistence of family businesses is controversial in the future. There is empirical evidence to prove the fact that only 30% of family businesses span to the second generation and that only about 10% to 15% survive by the third generation. The major reason for this failure is improper succession planning. The objective of this case story is to identify whether the existing succession process is durable enough to safe guard the future of the well-known Sri Lankan family-owned business called Harischandra Mills PLC. The Company has a long history of over seventy-three years along with a household brand name with quality assurance. While this case focuses on the generational differences and the leadership transformation pattern between the founder and the successors of Harischandra Mills PLC, it also offers some important guidance for the micro and macro perspectives in entrepreneurship. The leadership transformation gaps of Harischandra Mills PLC were explored by the researcher along with safety measures to ensure long-term success, as well as for a smoother transition of the leadership.The success of a family firm depends on its ability to maintain the stability of the business. Hence, it can be said that an effective succession strategy is vital for Harischandra Mills Ltd. to attain a higher level of business performance and to maintain long-term sustainability.
Key words: Succession planning, Family-owned business, Harischandra Mills PLC
Memories of a greater capitalist
C. A. Harischandra of Matara was a greater industrialist, known to everyone. He was born on 13th of November 1911 and was the fourth son of late Odiris De Silva, a respectable and reputed business magnet in Matara engaged in coconut oil milling. Harischandra had four brothers. He received his primary education at St. Thomas Boys School, Matara and secondary education at Ananda College, Colombo. In 1930 he entered the University College, Colombo and graduated in economics, and he obtained his Inter Commerce degree with credit. After his university education, he came back to Matara and started to run the Broadway Cinema Hall, a bookshop, and a printing press. In 1938 he married to Miss Cornelia Shanthi of Thihagoda, a textile weaving teacher at that time. His charming wife was his own selection and was a tower of strength to him. They had four daughters. Harischandra was a best-known social worker involved in educational, health and philanthropic activities. Harischandra died in 1985 at the age of 74 years.