High-Performance Work Practices: Extent of Implementation and Commitment in Higher Education Institutions

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue I, January 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

High-Performance Work Practices: Extent of Implementation and Commitment in Higher Education Institutions

Edison B. Estigoy1*, Saddam C. Bazer2, Jeande A. Jimenez3, Joselle D. Pineda4, Samantha O. Zabala5
1Xi’an International Studies University
2 Shaanxi Normal University
3,4,5 Awesome Children Education

 

Abstract – This study explored on high-performance work practices (HPWP) extent of implementation and affective commitment in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). A descriptive-quantitative design was utilized to determine the extent to which employees perceive that the organization implements HPWP in terms of ability, motivation and opportunity; and the perception of the employees towards affective commitment in HEIs. The empirical data of the study was based on the responses from seventy (70) teachers in HEIs. Findings revealed in general that employees perceived that the organization always implement high-performance work practices in terms of ability and motivation but only often in opportunity. Additionally, respondents agree that teachers are affectively committed to their organizations. Furthermore, HEIs recognize the importance of implementing high-performance work practices and that it affects the affective commitment of the employees. Employees with strong affective commitment will continue to work in the organization and will lead to fewer turnovers.

Keywords: High Performance Work Practices, Affective Commitment, Higher Education Institutions, Ability, Motivation and Opportunity

I. INTRODUCTION

Human Resource Management (HRM) assumes a significant part in permitting a firm to stay serious, and it has been progressively perceived by researchers and experts the same as of late (Ubeda-García et al., 2013). Supervisors are therefore going to the HRM capacities to help execute the serious technique (Ulrich, 1997). Certain HRM practices are claimed to help better firm exhibitions (Jackson and Schuler, 1995; Huselid, 1995). As indicated by Butts et al. (2009), in the course of recent many years, there has been a multiplication of exploration and practices related with such participatory work frameworks. One such participatory work framework is High-Performance Work Practices (HPWP) – differently called ‘high contribution’, ‘high commitment’, or ‘refined’ (Guthrie, Spell, and Nyamori 2002) – which alludes to a bunch of practices pointed toward improving employees’ abilities, inspiration, data, and strengthening to acquire upper hand (Guthrie, 2001). The idea of HPWP was begun in the United States around 1970’s and 1980’s.

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Comparative Analysis with a Central Case Study and Multiple Reference Case Studies: A Methodological Variant for Policy Analysis in Developing a National Space Policy

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue I, January 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

Comparative Analysis with a Central Case Study and Multiple Reference Case Studies: A Methodological Variant for Policy Analysis in Developing a National Space Policy

Sanath Panawennage1, R.L.S. Fernando2, Weng Jingnong3
1Arthur C Clarke Institute for Modern Technologies, Sri Lanka
2University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka
3Beihang University, China

Abstract: The present paper advances an innovative methodological variant of the general research approach of ‘qualitative comparative analysis among multiple case studies’, as an effective approach for policy analysis. This variant is presented as a particularly effective approach in situations that require development, and institution, of the public policy of a country pertaining to a highly specialized subject area that intrinsically stands to benefit from relevant policies and practices of other countries; and it is explicated in the present paper using the process of developing a national space policy for Sri Lanka as the sample instance of policy analysis. The key methodological innovation advanced here involves positioning that country in respect of which the process of development of a new national policy is intended to be informed by way of comparative policy analysis, as the ‘central case study’, in relation to the other multiple case studies, the latter being primarily chosen for the purpose of enabling, and informing, the cross-case comparative analysis and, hence, positioned, and referred to, as the ‘multiple reference-case-studies’. Thus, Sri Lanka, was positioned as the ‘central case study’, and three other Asian countries, namely India, Thailand and the Philippines, were selected and positioned as the ‘reference-case-studies’. This variant provides an effective methodological framework for developing the national space policies of developing countries—a contemporary need of many a developing country making its entry into the space domain.

Key words—national space policy, comparative policy analysis, intrinsic policy drivers, central case study, reference case studies, case-oriented comparative analysis

I. INTRODUCTION

Policy research stands out as a discipline of research that lends itself for analysis using a diverse and extensive variety of methodological approaches, depending on the field, focus and scope of the study as well as the nature of the central research question. While research approaches based on comparative analysis constitutes an important segment of that diverse range of methodological approaches, case-oriented qualitative comparative analysis in turn represents a substantial share of the research approaches in comparative policy analysis—in other words qualitative comparative analysis among multiple case studies stands as

 

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An Investigation into the Effect of Concept-Based Instruction on Senior High School Students’ Geometric Thinking and Achievement in Circle Theorem

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue II, February 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

An Investigation into the Effect of Concept-Based Instruction on Senior High School Students’ Geometric Thinking and Achievement in Circle Theorem

Yunus Hissan1 and Forster D. Ntow2
1Wa Senior High School, Wa Municipality, Upper West Region, Ghana
2Department of Basic Education, University of Cape Coast, Ghana

Abstract: This study was grounded on Van Hiele’s geometric levels of thinking as a conceptual framework to assess and analyse senior high school students’ geometric understanding. A non-equivalent quasi experimental design was used to compare the geometrical achievements of students taught with concept-based method and those instructed with traditional method. The study employed purposive sampling technique to select two schools; experimental group (41) and control group (37). Quantitative analysis was carried out using a two-way mixed factorial analysis of variance(ANOVA). The findings of the study revealed a significant difference in the mathematics achievement of learners taught circle theorem with concept-based instruction as compared to those taught with traditional method. The study reveals that students achieved higher geometric thinking when taught with concept-based instruction.

Keywords: Concept-based instruction, Circle Theorem, Van Hiele’s levels, Geometric thinking

I. INTRODUCTION

A strong foundation in mathematics is a vital tool and an important ingredient, not only for research but also for optimum development and total economic growth and the social life of people. As captured in the Ghanaian Senior High Schools’ Core Mathematics syllabus “there simply cannot be any meaningful development in virtually any area of life without knowledge of science and mathematics” (Ministry of Education, 2010). Because of the utility value of mathematics, the government of Ghana has made mathematics a compulsory subject at the pre-tertiary levels of the educational system. However, the overall achievement of students in mathematics especially in the area of geometry is unsatisfactory (Anamuah-Mensah, Mereku & Asabere-Ameyaw, 2008). Evidence from the results of Ghanaian students’ participation in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011 report shows an abysmal achievement of Ghanaian students in mathematics most especially in the application of geometric concepts and expressions (Mullis, Martin, Foy & Aron, 2011).

 

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Representation Pangulu Keris Bugis Community: Study Cultural Semiotics

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue II, February 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

Representation Pangulu Keris Bugis Community: Study Cultural Semiotics

 Yusmah, Tadjuddin Maknun, Hamzah A. Machmoed, Gusnawaty
Linguistic Study Program, Faculty of Humanities, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Abstract: This research aims to represent the meaning of pangulu in Bugis society. This type of research is a qualitative research with a descriptive analysis method. The data of this study were sourced from pengulu in the Bugis community. Data collection used participatory observation methods with interview techniques, documentation techniques, recording techniques, and note taking techniques. The results showed that the Bugis community represented Pangulu as the head or leader. In this study, it was also found that there are four types of pagulu found in the Bugis community, namely the pangulu tau-tau, the pangulu sikori, the pangulu takala and the pangulu rekko. Pangulu tau-tau are symbolized as symbols of greatness and elevation. Pangulu sikori is symbolized as a symbol of steadfastness to the leader. Pangulu takala is symbolized as a symbol of heroism and courage. While the pangulu rekko is symbolized as a symbol of obedience and obedience.

Keywords: Pangulu Keris Bugis, cultural semiotic, representation, symbol

I. INTRODUCTION

One of the traditional weapons that is very famous not only in Bugis society but also outside is the keris. Keris is a form of cultural manifestation of ancestral heritage in terms of continuous communication and knowledge from generation to generation. Locally, the Bugis people refer to the keris as tappi or in lontara it is usually called gajang. For the Bugis community, besides being a weapon, keris stabbing is also a reflection of the owner’s social stratum, this can be seen from the characteristics of the shape of the keris it has. Keris also believed to contain metaphysical elements as spiritual items. In a keris there are three main parts, namely pangulu, wanua, and blades. Each of these parts has its own meaning. In a keris there are signs in the form or model of pengulu, while on The blade has ureq ‘pamor’ and sissiq. Pangulu type, pamor and sissiq or the form of visualization of the motive and its location, making a keris have high symbolic and philosophical value for the life of the Bugis people. The keris must match the weapon’s shape with the body parts of the owner or according to the character of the owner. Each keris has its own function, including the function of prosperity which is good for trading, being brave and traveling to seek sustenance; the function of protecting spirits and protecting them from harm; and a brave function that gives inner strength so that the owner does not run away in fear when there is a threat from the enemy. Selection of types of pangulu, pamor and sissiq In ancient times, a keris for the Bugis was not done carelessly.

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A Correlational Analysis between Self-Control and Student’s Video Game Performance in Panabo City

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue II, February 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

A Correlational Analysis between Self-Control and Student’s Video Game Performance in Panabo City

Pamela Dela Cerna1, Noreen Mae Malinao2, Jannie Jenny Mahipos3, Glendell Razon Jadraque4, Mark Van M. Buladaco5
1,2,3Student, Bachelor of Science in Information Technology, Davao Del Norte State College, Philippines
4,5Faculty, Davao Del Norte State College

Abstract – As technology continuously advancing in today’s era, electronic technologies became one of the creations that most people need for communication. They deemed a kind of leisure or recreational tool such that Video Games. In some studies, self-control seems strongly associated with counterproductive behavior, but not much research about video game performance. Thus, a lack of knowledge concerning the influence of self-control on video game performance is present. This research aims to analyze the correlation between an individual’s self-control and the student’s video game performance in Panabo City. The questionnaire splits into three parts: Students’ demographic profile, Students Self-Control, and Students Video Game Performance. In participants, 32 of the respondents participated in the study—researchers used quantitative non-experimental correlational research design to approach the research question. In the result, the mean level of students’ self-control is 3.2188 with a standard deviation of 0.38882. It shows that the level of students’ self-control is moderate while the mean level of students’ video game performance is 3.5042 with a standard deviation of 0.46062. It shows that the level of students’ video game performance is high. The researchers concluded that there is no significant relationship between students’ self-control and video game performance, showing a weak positive relationship.

Keywords: Correlational Research, Panabo City, Self-Control, Video Games Performance

I. INTRODUCTION

A. Background of the Study

Self-control affects, among other things, individuals’ performance and behavior. From doing simple tasks to academic performance to work performance, affect by self-control. The individual differences construct of self-control has been found to predict a wide range of criteria [4]. For the two domains, its significance was predominantly considered. On the one hand, high self-control associates with better scores of individual performance [4].

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Aspirations and Challenges of LGBTQIA+ Community in India

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue II, February 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

Aspirations and Challenges of LGBTQIA+ Community in India

Benjamin Conduah and Emmanuel Obed Acquah
Dr. Saundarya Rajesh1, Ms. Anju Rakesh2, Ms. Nisha Chandran3, Dr. Divya Kumar4
1 Founder & President, AVTAR Group
2 Assistant Vice President – Research & Solutions, Avtar
3 Assistant Vice President – Consulting & Solutions, Avtar
4 Associate Manager – Research, Avtar

Abstract: Historically, the social acceptance of the LGBTQIA+ community has been very low across the globe. In India the scenario was no different though the landscape began shifting post the progressive judgement rendered by the Supreme Court of India, in 2018, decriminalizing homosexuality. The introduction of the third gender as a part of recognised gender spectrum in 2014 and the right to change legal gender in 2019 were other progressive measures in this direction. Despite the mandate the societal awareness and acceptance of the LGBTQIA+ community continues to be a challenge in the Indian socio cultural milieu. Against this backdrop, a research study was undertaken to understand the aspirations of, and challenges faced by members of the community in India, today. A qualitative survey questionnaire with questions including when they developed self-awareness of their identity, how their experience of acceptance and inclusion was and how they embarked on their pursuit of aspirations, was used. The research sample consisted of 31 respondents who identified themselves as part of the LGBTQIA+ Community. From a self-awareness standpoint, 70% respondents said they accepted their own identity only after the age of 20. 48% of respondents reported facing mental health challenges because of a lack of acceptance. The paper also includes a discussion on the measures that individuals, organizations and institutions can undertake to be more inclusive of the LGBTQIA+ community.

Keywords: aspirations, acceptance, awareness, LGBTQIA+ community and inclusion

I. INTRODUCTION

India, a country that consists of 29 states, 7 union territories, and over 22 official languages is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world. Though India is fortunate to have a rich diverse society, inclusion of the LGBTQIA+ Community is a concept that requires more constructive conversations. LGBTQIA+ community is an umbrella term that is often used to refer to the community including – Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and Asexual. Despite several historical mentions that the community has in India, the knowledge that people have about this community leaves room for much to be done. The lack of understanding that people have about this community has resulted in several challenges for them, such as workplace discrimination, violence, poverty, and exclusion across different spheres of life. This affects several aspects of their physical and mental well-being, preventing them from fulfilling their aspirations and rising to the fullest of their potential.

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Social Media Marketing Towards Consumer Buying Behavior: A Case in Panabo City

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue II, February 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

Social Media Marketing Towards Consumer Buying Behavior: A Case in Panabo City

Jade Xuccheney N. Jacinto1, Joylyn S. Pintado2, Louie Jay M. Ibañez 3, Ronel G. Dagohoy4, Mark Van M. Buladaco5
1,2,3Student, Bachelor of Science in Information Technology, Davao del Norte State College
4Faculty, Institute of Leadership, Entrepreneurship and Good Governance, Davao del Norte State College
5Dean, Institute of Computing, Davao del Norte State College

Abstract: Consumers are the kings of markets. No business enterprise can operate without the presence of the consumer, and with the advancement of technology, consumers tend to make countless decisions in purchasing with the use of social media. This study aims to evaluate the influence of social media marketing on consumer buying behavior, particularly among Panabo City citizens who mostly use social media websites to purchase products and services. The study utilizes a non-experimental quantitative research approach, combining correlational and regression techniques. Convenience sampling and Slovin’s formula was used to identify the 399 respondents. With the application of mean, frequency, Pearson r, and Regression Analysis, the result shows that there is a positive, moderate, and significant correlation between social media marketing and consumer buying behavior. Thus, it has been found out that among the indicators of social media marketing, all are predictors of consumer buying behavior. Furthermore, regression analysis results revealed that social media marketing significantly influences consumer buying behavior. Hence, consumers are influenced by process factors and external stimuli brought by social media marketing.

Keywords: Correlational Research, Social Media Marketing, Consumer Buying Behavior, Panabo City

I. INTRODUCTION

A. Background of the Study

Consumers are the kings of markets. No business enterprise can operate without the presence of the consumer. The analysis of customer behavior is focused on consumer buying behavior, with the customer playing the three distinct users, payer and buyer positions [1]. Consumer buying behavior refers to the behaviors of when, why, how, and where goods are purchased or not bought before buying a product or service by customers (both on and offline) [2]. In any field of business and services, consumer behavior is the most concentrated sector. Nowadays, discovering the changing needs and desires of consumers in today’s world is the main deciding factor for every business. As cited by Peighambari and colleagues, the literature on consumer behavior is diverse and comprehensive as changes in culture, economics, and technology influence the way consumers act. These changes eventually lead to modified studies of consumer behavior from where, where, how, and why the subjects are studied [2]. Meanwhile, Ramirez postulates that the contemporary issues of consumer buying behavior are clearly evident and influenced by the 2007 economic downturn

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Ethnic Minority Reaction towards the Unification of the British-Northern Cameroons with the Federation of Nigeria: 1945-1961

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue I, January 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

Ethnic Minority Reaction towards the Unification of the British-Northern Cameroons with the Federation of Nigeria: 1945-1961

Adamu Sani Buba1, Zulkanain Abdulrahman2, Azharudin Muhammad Dali3
1University of Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria
2,3 University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abstract: This article examines the minority ethnic extractions otherwise (known as ethnic groups), reaction towards the unification in the 1959 and 1961 plebiscites. Sponsored by the United Nations, under the British, mandate for the part of the former British-Northern Cameroons, unification with the Federation of Nigeria, with the aim of ascertaining the reaction of the minority ethnic extraction who, supposedly against the unification of the trust territory, and voted against it in 1959 and 1961 plebiscite and why? The objectives of their reaction were because of what they called ‘oppression of Kanuri and the Fulani rulers’, and another to avoid been involved in the Jihad? This region, inhabited several ethnic extractions, in both ethnic and geographical compositions, considered as a large whole because of its diversity in common historical root. However, it was not possible to discuss all the ethnic extractions of the region, as we are concern with the ‘Chamba and Kaka-Ntem’ ethnic stocks who were said to be against the unifications, as available sources tend to suggest. The territory was quite remarkable with a unique historical occurrence. Therefore, Sources relied on are primary and secondary sources. We may infer that no part of Nigeria that has experienced such a significant historical feel. The finding of this article is not only the 19th-century Jihad added salt to injury, but rule of the Fulani and the Kanuri as were a made to understand. Undoubtedly, the result of which forced some of the minority ethnic extraction to migrate to Cameroon, while others restricted themselves to the mountaintop.

Keywords: Ethnic Minority, Unification, Northern Cameroons, Nigeria, United Nations.

I. INTRODUCTION

Yola, the Capital of Adamawa state was the headquarter of the Northern Cameroons, and Mubi headquartered the districts on the North, while Jada was Temporary headquarter of the southern districts. Later renamed Sardauna, and became the second smallest province after Kaba, had about 750,000

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Play Songs in Kindergarten Curriculum in Sefwi Wiawso Municipality, Ghana

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue I, January 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

Play Songs in Kindergarten Curriculum in Sefwi Wiawso Municipality, Ghana

Benjamin Conduah and Emmanuel Obed Acquah
Department of Music Education, University of education, Winneba

Abstract: The purpose of the study was to examine the uses of play songs in the kindergarten education and factors confronting teachers in the use of play songs in kindergarten teaching in the Sefwi Wiawso Municipality of the Western Region of Ghana. Convenience and Purposive sampling techniques were used to select the participants for the study. In all, twelve (12) teachers from six (6) kindergarten schools in the municipality were sampled and used for the study. Using interview and observation as the main instruments for data collection, it was revealed that a child’s language, cognitive, physical, social, moral and emotional developments are usually enhanced through the use of play songs and its constituent music and movement experiences. It was realized that kindergarten teachers are not conscious of the significance of play songs as an integral part of nurturing their pupils’ total development. It was recommended among other things that the use of play songs in the kindergarten classroom cannot be overlooked, therefore, pre-service training courses for early childhood teachers in the various teaching institutions should include portfolio building of play songs as teaching materials and resources.

Keywords: Play songs, Kindergarten, Sefwi Wiawso, curriculum, pre-service

I. INTRODUCTION

Kindergarten education has developed over time from the ideas of a philosopher such as Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel (1782-1852). He describes the word Kindergarten as “children’s garden”. The name kindergarten as chosen by Friedrich Froebel, who is also regarded as the father of kindergarten, was hinged on his development of curriculum and educational methodology for young children and thought of young children as tender plants rather than as miniature adults. In this regard, Froebel felt that a school for young children should be different from a school for older children. He planned many children’s activities which are still persistent in our current trend of kindergarten education. Some of these activities include: the study of animals and plants, fingerplays (poems and rhymes which were acted out with the hands), stories, music and art work. In Ghana, Kindergarten schools were first established by the missionary bodies, notably, the British Basel Mission, which attached Kindergartens to some of their primary schools and later by other missions such as the Wesleyan mission. Later, the government joined in the establishment and operation of kindergarten education (Rivera, 2009).

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An Assessment of Public Health Expenditure, Health Outcome and Economic Growth in Nigeria (1980 -2019)

International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) | Volume V, Issue I, January 2021 | ISSN 2454–6186

An Assessment of Public Health Expenditure, Health Outcome and Economic Growth in Nigeria (1980 -2019)

Ayoade Olabisi Simeon1*, Monica Alagbile Orisadare2, Adeyemi Taiwo George3, Adediwura Micheal Olamide4
1,2,3 Department of Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
4Departmwnt of Economics, Adeleke University, Ede, Nigeria

Abstract: The study assessed the relationship between public health expenditure, health outcome and economic growth in Nigeria between 1980 to 2019. This is due to the relevance of human capital development as a propeller of National development, especially in time like this when the global economy has become knowledge based. ARDL was used to achieve the objective of the study. The result established that there exist a relationship between health human capital development and economic growth in Nigeria. Hence, the short run result for Average Adult Survival Rate shows a positive and significant effect on the economic growth; while the long run result of the same variable shows an insignificant negative effect on the economic growth. The result further revealed a positive and significant relationship between Food Supply and economic growth both in the short run and long run. In the same vein, the result for Population Growth rate shows a positive and significant effect on the economic growth both in the short run and long run. However, the result for Healthcare Expenditure reveal a negative but insignificant effect on the economic growth both in short run and long run; and similarly, the result for Nitro Oxide Emission shows a negative effect on the economic growth both in the short run and long run; and lastly, the result for school enrollment revealed a positive but insignificant effect on the economic growth both in the short run and long run.
Based on the research findings of this study, it is recommended that government should redesign her policy toward health care expenditure in particular and human capital development in general; and put in place machineries for implementing and monitoring this policy for effective implementation. Fiscal policy can also be used to improve the allocation and utilization of funds in this sector. In addition, there should be higher investment in health infrastructure and control of diseases that will reduce the death rate in order to reduce the negative effect of the death rate on growth.

Keywords: Health Expenditures, Adult Survival rate, Population, School Enronlment rate, Economic Growth.

I. INTRODUCTION

Health is one of the vital factors that determine the quality of human capital, a necessary factor for economic growth. Therefore, any public expenditure on health can be viewed as a form of investment in the human capital development of a nation (Dang et al., 2016).

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